The Project Method
Wiliam Heart Kilpatrick published his work "The Project Method" in 1918.
He had three great influences that marked his personal and professional career:
First "Darwin's Origin of Species",
2nd. Admiration for philosophical and pedagogical thinking. He was a student, collaborator and colleague of John Dewey, who met in the summer of 1898 courses.
3rd Pestalozzi's ideas provide students with meaningful and interesting experiences that allow them to develop a sense of responsibility.
The project method is a methodology that is based on the principle of globalization of the teaching-learning process and that also encourages the development of educational skills.
The main objective of the project method is for students to do something that you find interesting, something significant. It is an essentially active method that is based on the idea that the interests of children should be the basis and the center of the teaching and learning process and research projects.
1. Approach of the problem: or meet a need. That is the starting point to build "something".
2. Search for information: in different sources, about solutions given to problems similar to ours. Once obtained the information, we will classify it systematically.
3. Design of the idea: ideas emerging us will capturing them on paper. In a first step, we will make sketches (freehand), which ripened after will be transformed into sketch (also Freehand, where also specifies its overall dimensions and the different parts that compose it, the type of material to be used, etc.) and finally , in planes, appropriate drawing tools (currently, computer - CAD - design programs).
Types of drawings that can be used:
Overall view: perspectives that show the object in its entirety. They serve to make us an idea of the operation and the final aspect of the project.
Elevation, plant and profile: are seen to clarify the measures and the exact shape of the pieces.
Details of parts and joints: are represented in perspective and on an appropriate scale. They may clarify aspects of installation.
Cuts: They are seen separately for each one of the pieces that make up the whole, for clarity.
4. Selection of the best solution: obviously, can not we go with the first idea that comes to mind. The ideal is to work, first individually and then as a team, so to find us with various ideas, we can select the best or a combination of them. For this election will evaluate each idea from several criteria: different like the design, the higher or lower difficulty, cost, time to be used, etc. Once chosen, is prepared with the memory project, specifications, definitive plans and of course, the budget.
5. Planning of the work: before you begin to build, we must know what the manufacturing process. Good organization will make us to save time and money. In a document should reflect the stages of construction, in chronological order, how it should be done, materials and tools to be used, resources available (both material and human), how long it will take to build and of course, how much will cost .
6. Construction: Once we have everything clear, it is the construction or manufacturing. They are always designated responsible for each task, which are those that oversee and direct to the team. It is very important to comply with the time limits established (provided penalties for delays) and certainly do not deviate from the budgeted price.
Obviously, it will be all the rules of safety and hygiene at work in order to avoid any kind of accident.
7. Evaluation: Once finished the product, analysed and tests are done to see if it complies with all the requirements specified by the experts. Evidence relating to resistance of materials, performance, durability, maintenance, security, etc. Depending on the results, it will be the right time to correct defects or introduce relevant improvements before consider it valid.
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