Peer instruction

Submitted by Annika and Bir… on Wed, 05/02/2018 - 12:41

The peer instruction was published by Harvard Professor E. Mazur in the 1990s. This method is a student centered approach where the students have to learn outside the normal lecture with other students. Students discuss some aspect of the lecture after the teacher posed a question. The students give then a feedback and the teacher reviews the feedback. If there are too many wrong answers the students have to discuss the question again or the teacher gives another short input for the students. The feedback of the students can be received in small groups orally or in bigger groups with an audience response system (ARS). This ARS can be web based (like Kahoot) or a hardware clicker system. 

It is often combined with the Just-In-Time teaching method. 

All subjects
Blended learning
Online learning
Sequence of activities
  • Teacher gives some input
  • Teacher poses a question
  • Students reflect on the question
  • Students give an individual feedback
  • Teacher reviews the feedback
  • Students discuss the answer with their peer
  • Students give an individual feedback
  • Teacher reviews the feedback and decides if the students should discuss the question again or move on with another input phase 
IT infrastructure ( or other specific hardware)
online surveys
Room equipment (e.g. Flip chart, projector or other hardware)

Mazur, E. (1997). Peer Instruction: A User's Manual. Pearson.

Crouch, C., Mazur, E., Peer Instruction: Ten years of experience and results,  American Journal of Physics 69, 970 (2001);

Video about peer instruction from the Rochester Institute of Technology


< 30 minutes
Grade your contribution (I consider this TEL method can be used with TEL tools)